Level 2G


Course Title: Laboratory Techniques
Course Code: FIS201G2
Credit Value: 2

Theory: 22h Practical: 24 Independent Learning: 54
Objectives:
• Know different types of laboratory equipment
• Quantitative and qualitative analysis related to fisheries with laboratory equipment


Intended Learning Outcomes (ILO):
• Recall the basic laboratory skills
• Examine qualitative and quantitative aspects of common laboratory equipment
• Expose the factors that affect the accuracy of an experiment
• Express the problems in experimentation
• Choose appropriate techniques for analysis with the available laboratory equipment
• Apply the ethical rules when working in a fisheries laboratory


Course Contents:
Laboratory safety, Introduction to laboratory techniques - microscopy, microtomy, spectrophotometry, Electrophoresis, ELISA, PCR, chromatography and their applications. Quantitative and qualitative analysis, preservation techniques of organism, temporary and permanent slide preparation

Teaching and Learning Methods:
Lecture presentation, Class discussion, Tutorial discussion, Laboratory experiment, Group activity, Spot exam

Assessment Strategy

Theory:
In – course assessment/s: 30%
End of Course Examination of two hours duration: 70%
(Expected to answer four out of six questions)

Practical/ Field work:
In – course assessment/s:
Spot exam /Recording / Field Report / Field assessment :30%
End Course Examination of two hours duration : 70%
Overall mark for the unit = (3MT + 2MP)/ 5 Where MT and MP are the marks scored for theory and practical / field work respectively.

References:
• Marine Microbiology: Ecology & Applications, Colin, M., 2003. Taylers and Francis.
• Biotechnology and Genetics in Fisheries and Aquaculture. Andy, B., Pierre, B. and Kathrin, H., 2010. Wiley
• Histological Techniques: An Introduction for Beginners in Toxicology. Robert, M., Noel, D. and Brenda, F., 2014. Royal Society of Chemistry
Course Title : Aquatic Fauna and Flora
Course Code : FIS202G2
Credit Value : 2

Hourly Breakdown Theory:22 Practical:24 Independent Learning:54


Objectives:
• Major aspects on characteristics of aquatic animals and plants Interaction between fauna and flora


Intended Learning Outcomes (ILO):
• Recall economically important aquatic animals and plants
• Demonstrate a site assessment to identify flora and fauna species and habitat values within the precinct area
• Discuss biology and physiological process of selected aquatic animals including fish, crustaceans, mollusks and echinoderms
• Outline the strategies of harvest techniques and propagation of aquatic plants
• Evaluate the interaction between aquatic fauna and flora
• Appraise the value and biology of aquatic animals and plants


Course Contents:
Identification and biology of the principal groups of commercially important aquatic animals; Biodiversity; Behavior; Physiological processes; Nutrition, Reproduction and their commercial values; Interaction between fauna and flora; Aquatic plants: Identification, distribution, abundance, harvesting techniques and propagation; Types of common harmful and poisonous aquatic animals.


Teaching and Learning Methods:
Lecture presentation, Group activity, tutorial discussion, Field trip, use of slides and preserved organisms, recording, spot exam


Assessment Strategy:

Theory:
In– course assessment/s: 30%
End of Course Examination of two hours duration : 70%
(Expected to answer four out of six questions)

Practical/ Field work:
In – course assessment/s:
Spot exam /Recording / Field Report / Field assessmen : 30%
End Course Examination of two hours duration :70%
Overall mark for the unit = (3MT + 2MP)/ 5 Where MT and MP are the marks scored for theory and practical / field work respectively.


References:
• Aquaculture: Farming Aquatic Animals and Plants, John S. L. and Paul C. S. 2012. Wiley-Blackwell
• Biology of the Invertebrates, Pechenik, J.A. 2014.7th Edition. Tufts University.

Course Title : Principles of aquatic ecology and fish behaviour
Course Code : FIS203G2
Credit Value : 2
Hourly Breakdown Theory : 22 Practical : 24 Independent Learning : 54


Objectives:
• Evaluate the relationships among aquatic organisms and their environment
• Recognize the fish behaviour


Intended Learning Outcomes (ILO):
• Name and summarize the characteristics of different types of aquifers
• Recognize fundamentals of aquatic ecosystem and the changes occur in it
• Compare and contrast the ecology of lentic and lotic water sources
• Evaluate the interactions between aquatic organisms and aquatic environment
• Describe the application of the scientific method to ecological experimentation.
• Describe different behavioural patterns of fish in relation to ecological perspectives


Course Contents:
Unit stock concept; Principles of aquatic ecology; Types - Lentic and lotic water bodies; Physico chemical factors; Habitats; Ecological niche; Food chains and webs; Ecological pyramids; Energy flow; r and k selection; Fish behavior; Feeding, Migration and foraging; Schooling behavior; fish aggregations.


Teaching and Learning Methods:
Lecture presentation, Group activity, open text book test, tutorial discussion, Field work, assignment, recording, spot exam, Photographs, laboratory experiments


Assessment Strategy:

Theory:
In – course assessment/s: 30%
End of Course Examination of two hours duration : 70%
(Expected to answer four out of six questions)

Practical/ Field work:
In – course assessment/s:
Spot exam /Recording / Field Report / Field assessment :30%
End Course Examination of two hours duration : 70%
Overall mark for the unit = (3MT + 2MP)/ 5 Where MT and MP are the marks scored for theory and practical / field work respectively.


References:
• Freshwater Ecology: Concepts and Environmental Applications, Walter K. D. 2002. Academic press.
• Freshwater Ecology. Concepts and Environmental Applications of Limnology, Walter, D. and Matt, W. 2010. Academic Press.
• Marine Ecology: Concepts and Applications, Martin R. S. and Peter A. H.2010.Wiley-Blackwell Fish behavior, Carin, M.,
• Victoria, A. and Braithwaite, E. F.2008. CRC Press.


Course Title : Fish biology and embryology
Course Code : FIS204G2
Credit Value : 2
Hourly Breakdown Theory : 22 Practical : 24 IndependentLearning : 54


Objectives:
• Factual knowledge on fish biology
• Process of embryologic developmen


Intended Learning Outcomes (ILO):
• Express the basic anatomy of fishes by observing a general dissection
• Explain the process of growth in individual as well as populations
• Distinguish the patterns of fish reproduction
• Estimate Gonado Somatic Index and Hepato Somatic Index
• Describe the stages during the embryonic developmental process of an ideal fish
• Elaborate the sequence of pre and post events in the fish development


Course Contents:
Meristic and morphometric characters of fishes; Age and growth determination of fish: Growth curves; Food and feeding; Patterns of reproduction: Oviparous, viviparous, ovoviviparous; Maturity and spawning of fishes, Fecundity, Parental care of fishes, Migration; Sexual dimorphism; Seasonal changes in ovary and testis; Gonado Somatic Index (GSI) and Hepato Somatic Index (HIS); Condition factor; Spermatogenesis; Oogenesis; Fertilization: internal or external; Embryonic development stages of fishes, Cleavage, Gastrulation and Differentiation.


Teaching and Learning Methods:
Lecture presentation, Group activity, tutorial discussion, models, written book report, flow chart, Text book assignment, laboratory experiment, spot exam, recording
Assessment Strategy:

Theory:
In – course assessment/s: 30%
End of Course Examination of two hours duration :70%
(Expected to answer four out of six questions)

Practical/ Field work:
In – course assessment/s:
Spot exam /Recording / Field Report / Field assessment : 30%
End Course Examination of two hours duration : 70%
Overall mark for the unit = (3MT + 2MP)/ 5 Where MT and MP are the marks scored for theory and practical / field work respectively.


References:
Biology of Fishes, Quentin, B. and Richard H. M. 2007. Taylers and Francis
Course Title : Fish Parasitology and Diseases
Course Code : FIS205G2
Credit Value : 2

Hourly Breakdown Theory :22 Practical :24 Independent Learning : 54


Objectives:
• Holistic knowledge on fish and shellfish parasites and pathogens
• Promote correct diagnosis and appropriate control measures


Intended Learning Outcomes (ILO):
• Outline the occurrence and types of fish parasites
• Distinguish the ecology of fish parasites
• Determine the relationship between parasites and host
• Select correct diagnostics techniques for each fish diseases
• Discuss prevention / treatment / control measures against fish parasitic diseases
• Propose a strategic plan for reducing the transferal of pathogens and parasites in aquaculture practices


Course Contents:
Significance of finfish and Shellfish diseases in aquaculture. Host, Pathogen and Environment Interaction. Disease development process. Stress in aquaculture and its role in disease development. Pathological processes: Cellular response to injury, Inflammatory response to diseases, Pathogenicity mechanism of parasite, bacteria, virus and fungus. Case history and clinical sign in disease diagnosis. Role of physical (injuries, health, cold) chemical (pH, salinity, toxins, ammonia, nitrogenous waste, endogenous chemicals and metabolites, free radicals, oxidants) soil and water parameters in fish health. Nutritional diseases and Non-infectious diseases. General characteristics, life cycle, diagnosis, prevention and treatment of parasitic, bacterial, fungal and viral diseases of finfish and shellfish. Disease surveillance and reporting. Quarantine and health certification in aquaculture. Health management strategies in Aquaculture: Vaccines, Immuno-stimulants, Bioremediation, Probiotics, Crop rotation, Good and Best management practices. Principles of disease diagnosis, conventional, molecular and antibody based diagnostic methods, Rapid diagnostic methods


Teaching and Learning Methods:
Lecture presentation, Group activity, Recitation oral questions, Class projects, Tutorial discussion


Assessment Strategy:

Theory:
In – course assessment/s: 30%
End of Course Examination of two hours duration : 70%
(Expected to answer four out of six questions)

Practical/ Field work:
In – course assessment/s:
Spot exam /Recording / Field Report / Field assessment : 30%
End Course Examination of two hours duration 70%
Overall mark for the unit = (3MT + 2MP)/ 5 Where MT and MP are the marks scored for theory and practical / field work respectively.


References:
• Marine parasitology, Rohde, K. 2005., Collingwood, Vic.: CSIRO.
Fish diseases and disorders , Woo, P.T., Leatherland, J.F. and Bruno, D.W. eds., 2011., (Vol.3)